constitution of the republic of china

Local audit offices at all levels shall, in accordance with the provisions of law, independently exercise the power to conduct auditing oversight; they shall be responsible to the people’s government at their level and to the audit office at the next level up. Both the victory in China’s New Democratic Revolution and the successes in its socialist cause have been achieved by the Chinese people of all ethnic groups under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the guidance of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought by upholding truth, correcting errors, and surmounting many difficulties and obstacles. [10]. The Constitution of the People's Republic of China is nominally the supreme law of the People's Republic of China.It was adopted by the 5th National People's Congress on December 4, 1982, with further revisions about every five years.It is the fourth constitution in the country's history, superseding the 1954 constitution, the 1975 constitution, and the 1978 constitution. Article 18 The People’s Republic of China shall permit foreign enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals, to invest in China and to enter into various forms of economic cooperation with Chinese enterprises or other economic organizations in accordance with the provisions of law of the People’s Republic of China. The system of multiparty cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China will continue and develop long into the future. All persons holding the nationality of the People’s Republic of China are citizens of the People’s Republic of China. ARTICLE 1. encourage, support and guide the development of non-public economic sectors and exercise oversight and regulation over non-public economic sectors in accordance with law. The State Council shall exercise the following functions and powers: deciding, in accordance with the provisions of law, on entering a state of emergency in parts of provinces, autonomous regions and. enjoy freedom of speech, the press, assembly, association, coerce citizens to believe in or not to believe in any religion, nor. The Supreme People’s Court shall oversee the adjudicatory work of local people’s courts at all levels and of special people’s courts; people’s courts at higher levels shall oversee the adjudicatory work of those at lower levels. (22) other functions and powers accorded to it by the National People’s Congress. Section 2 This united front will continue to be consolidated and developed. (This English version is provided by the Communist Party of China Central Committee Institute of Party History and Literature. Article 81 The president of the People’s Republic of China engages in affairs of state and receives foreign diplomatic envoys on behalf of the People’s Republic of China and, pursuant to decisions of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee, appoints or recalls plenipotentiary representatives abroad and ratifies or abrogates treaties and important agreements concluded with foreign countries. The chairperson, vice chairpersons and the secretary general constitute a Council of Chairpersons, which handles the important day-to-day work of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee. The state shall practice a socialist market economy. All state organs and armed forces, all political parties and social organizations, and all enterprises and public institutions must abide by the Constitution and the law. esident of the People’s Republic of China. Local people’s governments at all levels shall be responsible to the people’s congresses at their levels and shall report to them on their work. In 1949, after engaging in protracted, arduous and tortuous struggles, armed and in other forms, the Chinese people of all ethnic groups led by the Communist Party of China with Chairman Mao Zedong as its leader finally overthrew the rule of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism, won a great victory in the New Democratic Revolution, and founded the People’s Republic of China. Autonomous organs of ethnic autonomous areas shall have the autonomy to manage their local finances. Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the obligation to pay taxes in accordance with law. The Constitution of the People's Republic of China CHAPTER I. The first Constitution of the People's Republic of China was declared in 1954. regions and armed forces. The relations between residents committees and villagers committees and primary-level state bodies shall be prescribed by law. The people’s democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on an alliance of workers and peasants, which in essence is a dictatorship of the proletariat, has been consolidated and developed. s prescribed by the Constitution and the law. The People's Republic of China protects the lawful rights and interests of foreigners within Chinese territory, and while on Chinese territory foreigners must abide by the law of the People's Republic of China. ), Constitution of the People's Republic of China, (Adopted at the Fifth Session of the Fifth National People’s Congress and promulgated by the Announcement of the National People’s Congress on December 4, 1982; amended in accordance with the, Amendment to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, adopted at the First Session of the Seventh National People’s Congress on April 12, 1988, the, adopted at the First Session of the Eighth National People’s Congress on March 29, 1993, the, adopted at the Second Session of the Ninth National People’s Congress on March 15, 1999, the, adopted at the Second Session of the Tenth National People’s Congress on March 14, 2004, and the, adopted at the First Session of the Thirteenth National People’s Congress on March 11, 2018), China is one of the countries with the longest histories in the world. Infringement of the freedom of marriage is prohibited; mistreatment of senior citizens, women and children is prohibited. Its permanent organ is the National People’s Congress Standing Committee. The people shall, in accordance with the provisions of law, manage state affairs, economic and cultural undertakings, and social affairs through various channels and in various ways. The people’s congresses of ethnic townships may, according to the authority invested in them as prescribed by law, take specific measures suited to ethnic characteristics. In handling criminal cases, the people’s courts, the people’s procuratorates and public security organs should each be responsible for their respective tasks, work together with each other, and act as checks on each other to ensure the faithful and effective enforcement of the law. Sabotage of the socialist system by any organization or individual is prohibited. The People’s Republic of China shall protect the lawful rights and interests of foreigners in the territory of Chin. Article 92 The State Council shall be responsible to the National People’s Congress and shall report to the Congress on its work; when the National People’s Congress is out of session it shall be responsible to the National People’s Congress Standing Committee and shall report to the Standing Committee on its work. If the National People’s Congress Standing Committee deems it necessary, or one-fifth or more of National People’s Congress deputies so propose, a session of the National People’s Congress may be convened in the interim. Article 46 Citizens of the People’s Republic of China shall have the right and the obligation to receive education. Article 94 The chairperson of the Central Military Commission shall be responsible to the National People’s Congress and the National People’s Congress Standing Committee. The state shall safeguard the unity and sanctity of the socialist legal system. Deputies to the National People’s Congress should maintain close contact with the organizations and people that elected them, listen to and convey the opinions and demands of the people, and work hard to serve them. Article 107 Local people’s governments at and above the county level shall, according to the authority invested in them as prescribed by law, manage administrative work related to the economy, education, science, culture, public health, sports, urban and rural development, finance, civil affairs, public security, ethnic affairs, judicial administration, family planning, etc., within their administrative areas; and shall issue decisions and orders, appoint or remove, train, evaluate, and award or punish administrative employees. But the historic mission of the Chinese people to overthrow imperialism and feudalism remained unaccomplished. The state shall protect the rights and interests of women. 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