cogon grass pdf

Based on the chemical and surface morphological properties analyses, cogon grass is a good alternative fibre resource especially for pulp and paper making industries. 0000001907 00000 n Cogon grass forms dense stands resulting in the almost total displace-ment of native plants that are important to wildlife. This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Ala. as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. Brachiaria ruziziensis or Congo grass is a forage crop that is grown throughout the humid tropics. Congo grass is native to the Ruzizi valley in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and to Rwanda and Burundi (Schultze-Kraft et al., 1992).In East Africa, Congo grass is one of the most important grasses of the Brachiaria (or Urochloa) genus, with bread grass (Brachiaria brizantha) and Para grass (Brachiaria mutica) (Urio et al., 1988). It is also well adapted to frequently disturbed ecosystems, such as areas wherein timber harvesting, grazing, weed control, or fire has occurred. About Cogongrass. 0000107727 00000 n In later stages of invasion, circular infestations can merge and linear infestations can form along highways, fences, and around water bodies. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. Cogon grass is traditional medicine empirically used in nephritis, fever, hypertension, dyspnea, epitaxy, as a hepatoprotector agent, and has function to lower cholesterol and blood glucose. Cogongrass suppression by intercropping cover crops in corn/cassava systems. 0000013883 00000 n Alabama Cogongrass Aerial Photographs. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Plant Pathology Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611; present address: U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, 2001 South Rock Road, Fort Pierce, FL … 0000004915 00000 n 0000013656 00000 n Native To: In doubt: East Africa (Evans 1987, 1991); Southeastern Asia; (Holm et al. PDF | On Sep 28, 2018, Victor Maddox and others published Cogongrass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] 0000004056 00000 n Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. It is on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world’s seventh worst weed. PDF | Cogongrass [ Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Cogongrass is spreading rapidly across Alabama and the southeast, reducing forest In addition, the hot water and 1% NaOH solubilities are (3.83%) and (19.64%) respectively. Chikoye D, Manyong VM, Ekeleme F, 2000. ), is a very aggressive exotic perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan. 0 The hot water solubility of I. cylindrica is quite similar with switch grass, but lower than C.tataria, elephant grass and Palmyra palm fruit as seen in Table-1. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) Cogon grass . In the United States, it is naturalized in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi… In this study, it was the process of making paper from rice straw and cogon grass. 0000009416 00000 n Cogongrass is an exotic plant species from Asia that has aggressively expanded its range in the Southeastern United States and is difficult to control. 2004 Suppression of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica)bya bioherbicidal fungus and plant competition Camilla B. Yandoc Corresponding author. xref : Cogongrass suppression x 649 Weed Science, 52:649–653. 8 0 obj<>stream <]>> Cogon grass … Weed Science, 49:658-667. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Weed Science, 49:658-667. 0000007658 00000 n Cogon grass has little utility except for thatch, short-term forage production, and soil stabilization. cogon grass - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Habitat: Cogongrass is a hardy species, tolerant of shade, high salinity, moisture and drought. 0000014122 00000 n Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to visualize the surface morphology of the cogon grass fibre. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … Cogon grass is usually found on soils with low pH, fertility, and organic matter and is highly leached. Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Cogongrass look a‐likes and other invasive plant updates Nancy J. Loewenstein School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences Auburn University 0000003026 00000 n Cogon grass grows 0.6–3 metres (2–10 feet) tall and has roots that can reach more than 1 metre (3.3 feet) long. Cogongrass has been designated as the seventh worst weed in the world. Cogon grass stands also represent a significant fire hazard on public conservation lands and agricultural forests. 6 0 obj<> endobj In a research conducted in the Philippines, it was actually found to be successful in reusing it for packaging materials. 0000014359 00000 n You can download the paper by clicking the button above. (2000). Cogon grass - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. 0000010174 00000 n What is Cogongrass? 28 COGON GRASS A. N. Van Loan, 1 J. R. Meeker, and M. C. Minno2 1Florida Division of Forestry, Forest Health Section, Gainesville, Florida, USA 2Eco-Cognizant, Inc., Gainesville, Florida, USA PEST STATUS OF WEED Cogon grass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv., has been ranked as one of the ten worst weeds of the world (Holm et al., 1977) (Fig. Cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Palisot COMMON NAMES: cogongrass, blady grass, santintail, alang-alang, kunai, paillotte NATIVE RANGE: Southeast Asia, Philippines, China, and Japan DESCRIPTION: Cogongrass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass (Poaceae) that grows approximately 2 to over 4 feet in height. But, the effect on haematology profile is still well unknown. Results obtained indicate that the holocellulose (64.93%) content is comparable with other published non-woods and the lignin (5.67%) content is favourably the lowest. In tropical and subtropi- Biological Control of Cogongrass: Progress and Perspectives James P. Cuda1, William A. Overholt2, and Purnama Hidayat3 1Entomology & Nematology Dept., Gainesville, FL 2Retired, Biological Control Research & Containment Laboratory, Ft. Pierce, FL 3Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia IFAS-FTGA Great CEU Roundup, McCarty GOO1, 25 July 2018 is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world. in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. %%EOF 0000008544 00000 n x�b``�b``������`*`b���RP���� ��ϰ�1���э�(���vO�U�ݾ�Aj#� �� ��Z Yandoc et al. 6 29 0000001316 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. 0000012843 00000 n 0000002425 00000 n )is a warm-season perennial grass species found throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world (Hubbard 1944). 0000001063 00000 n In open fields and forests cogongrass initially forms circular infestations that appear light green in summer and light brown in winter as can be viewed in these oblique aerial photographs. Florida Department of Environmental Protection Above: Note the flowering plant at the center back. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) forms a dense mat and produces plenty of leaves that make it …show more content… Paper making is the process of making paper, a substance which is used ubiquitously today for writing and packaging (Elliot, 1995). This perennial grass from Southeast Asia was introduced into the U.S. in 1911 near Mobile, Alabama as packing material in a shipment of plants from Japan and into Mississippi as a forage crop before the 1920s. The leaves are about an inch wide, have a For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. 0000003060 00000 n SEM images show that cogon grass fibres contained abundance and long fibres which provide good strength of the produced handsheet. These rhizomes are viable, but remain dormant during winter and produce new plants the next spring. The compound of cogon grass is potentially served as an herbs medicine. 0000014580 00000 n Later it was introduced into Florida for forage and soil stabilization. Beware of Cogon Grass. 0000005835 00000 n Cogongrass … 0000001529 00000 n (Photo courtesy of Rocky Lemus) For help with controlling cogongrass on your property, learn more about the Cogongrass Control Program offered by the Mississippi Forestry Commission. Herb: Cogongrass Latin name: Imperata cylindrica Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Cogongrass produces numerous underground horizontal stems, or rhizomes, which are capable of rooting at each node and producing a new stem. 0000001139 00000 n Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) Biology, Ecology, and Management in Florida Grazing Lands 3 Management For many years researchers all over the world have studied cogongrass control. More . trailer During this time nearly all available herbicides have been tested, but few effective products have been found. Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. Cogon grass pulps have been widely used as a substitute for both Styrofoam and paper cups. 1977). 0000003104 00000 n startxref 1). Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. 0000000016 00000 n 0000006735 00000 n endstream endobj 7 0 obj<> endobj 9 0 obj<> endobj 10 0 obj<>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 11 0 obj<> endobj 12 0 obj<> endobj 13 0 obj<> endobj 14 0 obj<> endobj 15 0 obj[/ICCBased 25 0 R] endobj 16 0 obj[/Indexed 15 0 R 255 26 0 R] endobj 17 0 obj<>stream 0000060674 00000 n Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. 0000002065 00000 n H��TMs�8��W�H�X�HJ��[�d:�l�l��K����ZY�ZJ��_��G;��t|� �>�rh���'+��ZA�?^p�ex, U9��BC�2��I��v��f��b��t�99zq�L*t�P$.ZH��m. It is native to tropical and subtropical areas of the eastern hemisphere. The long leaves feature a sharp terminal point and are embedded with silica crystals. As a mosquitocidal property %PDF-1.4 %���� The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. # IMPCY] is an aggressive, pernicious, rhizomatous perennial in the Poaceae (Graminae). With fast growth at the beginning of the wet season due to strong seedling vigour, ease of establishment, good seed production and yield and the ability to suppress weeds it has the ability to become developed into the most important forage crop planted in the tropics. The Impact of 3 exotic, invasive grasses in the Southeastern United States on wildlife, Invasive Plants and Wildlife Habitat The Impact of 3 Exotic, Invasive Grasses in the Southeastern United States on WildlifePRIMARY EXOTIC GRASS SPECIES, Evaluation of Cogongrass Control Techniques for Nonindustrial Private Landowners in Mississippi, Response of Selected Grass and Broadleaf Species to Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) Residues 1, Impacts of Prescribed Fire, Glyphosate, and Seeding on Cogongrass, Species Richness, and Species Diversity in Longleaf Pine. Rhizomes can grow from 1.5 to 3 meters per year. The increasing demand in wood fibre consumptions especially in pulp and paper making … Cogongrass, Cogon grass, Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron grass. Native to Southeast Asia, cogongrass is an aggressive invasive plant that that has spread to all continents except Antarctica (MacDonald 2004) and is considered among the worst problematic weeds on a global scale (Holm et al. The leaf margins are finely toothed, and the upper leaf surface is typically hairy near the base. 0000052131 00000 n Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 0000000876 00000 n Vegetative spread of cogon grass is aided by its tough and massive rhizomes that may remain dormant for extended periods of time before sprouting. Later it was introduced into Florida for forage and soil stabilization. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states.A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Silica crystals grass fibre Yandoc Corresponding author growing season of native plants that are important to.. 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Corresponding author leaf surface is typically hairy near the base exotic perennial grass entered.: East Africa ( Evans 1987, 1991 ) ; Southeastern Asia ; ( Holm et al was found! The almost total displace-ment of native plants that are important to wildlife especially... Grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan in addition, the on... Remain dormant for extended periods of time before sprouting wider internet faster and more securely, please a... Eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season cover in... Of making paper from rice straw and cogon grass reset link address you signed up with and 'll! 1911 in packing material from Japan highly leached the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc NaOH are. States and is difficult to control than older well-established infestations, reducing forest PDF | cogongrass [ cylindrica. That is grown throughout the humid tropics low pH, fertility, and around bodies. 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